Light and Lens: Photography in the Digital Age

Fully updated, it clearly and concisely covers the fundamental concepts of imagemaking, how to use digital technology to create compelling images, and how to output and preserve images in the digital world. Exploring history, methods, and theory, this text offers classroom-tested assignments and exercises from leading photographic educators, approaches for analyzing, discussing, and writing about photographs, and tools to critically explore and make images with increased visual literacy.
Author: Robert Hirsch

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Light and Lens: Photography in the Digital Age
Robert Hirsch with Greg Erf
ISBN: 1138213020, 1138944394

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Fifty Years of Fujifilm Mirrorless Medium Format Cameras

Yep, 51 actually. Back in the 1960s, unlike all its rivals in the medium format camera market at the time, Fujifilm decided to concentrate on rangefinder designs rather than reflexes. And, of course, rangefinder cameras are mirrorless, right?

As has been the philosophy behind the GFX 50S and now the 50R, Fujifilm’s key objective back then was to combine “carrying ease” with “handling speed” hence the decision to package the 6x9cm format in a 35mm-style rangefinder body.

The Fujica G690 was launched in March 1968 at the Tokyo Camera Show and went on sale in the December of that year. It was compact for a 6x9cm format camera and had interchangeable lenses. An internal mask covered the film gate when lenses were being changed. It had a coupled rangefinder and the viewfinder also incorporated frame lines which not only adjusted for parallax as the lens was focused, but also the field-of-view. Even Leica didn’t offer this facility on its contemporary 35mm RF cameras. An updated version, the GL690 Professional, was launched in 1974 along with a 6x7cm camera called the GM670 Professional.

However, in 1978, Fujifilm decided to adopt a fixed-lens configuration which, along with a switch to GRP bodyshells, resulted in significant weight savings. The original GW690 and GW670 both had a 90mm f3.5 lens which was equivalent – in 35mm format terms – in focal length to a 35mm on the 6x9cm format and a 42mm on the 6x7cm. These models subsequently evolved through Series II (1985) and III (1992) versions and an ultrawide GSW version of the 6x9cm model was introduced in 1980. It had a 65mm f5.6 lens which was equivalent to a 25mm.

A line of 6×4.5cm format RF cameras was introduced in 1983 to enable even more compact and lightweight designs. While the early models were fully manual (but with built-in metering), in 1995, Fujifilm launched the next-generation GA645 Professional which caused almost as big a stir as the original X100 digital camera did in 2010. It pretty much went ‘all the way’ with automation – autofocus, program exposure control, motorised film transport and a built-in, pop-up flash – with styling similar to the 35mm compacts of the time. It was a medium format point-and shoot camera. The GA645 had a 60mm f4.0 lens, but a wider-angle version, called the GA645W (and also launched in 1995), was fitted with a 45mm f4.0 lens. Both were subsequently upgraded in 1997, and rebadged as the GA645i and GA645Wi respectively, with the main change being the addition of a second shutter release button on the front panel. In 1998, Fujifilm introduced the last-of-theline GA645Zi model which had a 55-90mm f4.5-6.9 zoom lens (equivalent to 35-55mm) and a modernised body with a more pronounced handgrip.

Given this track record, don’t rule out a digital medium format X100-style camera (i.e. with a fixed lens) from Fujifilm sometime in the future.
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report by Paul Burrows
in Australian Camera

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Retromania: The Funkiest Cameras of Photography’s Golden Age

The Lomography phenomenon shows that interest in and love for cheap, fun cameras has never been stronger. But the few plastic-lens models that are still manufactured are only the tip of the iceberg, with hundreds of amazing, exciting, weird and wonderful models widely available and at low prices. This book is the first to look at every significant ‘people’s camera’ launched since Kodak’s Box Brownie brought cameras to the masses in 1908 and launched the photo revolution providing a fascinating insight into the tastes of previous generations.

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Retromania: The Funkiest Cameras of Photography’s Golden Age
ISBN-10: 1781570019, ISBN-13: 978-1781570012

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Major Classics from Photo History

Marianne Faithfull, James Dean, Marlene Dietrich, Charlie Chaplin, and more …

The Girl on a Motorcycle
Rebecca (Marianne Faithfull)
by Jack Cardiff
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Giant
Jett Rink (James Dean)
by George Stevens
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Destry Rides Again
Frenchy (Marlene Dietrich)
by George Marshall
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Modern Times
Arbeiter (Charlie Chaplin)
by Charles Chaplin
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Major Classics from Photo History
more at Lumas

Black & White Photography Guidebook 2017

Overview: Black and white photography has been with us for a long time. It remains an almost magical and timeless medium. Even in this full-colour modern world, its popularity is undiminished, with those new to it being captivated by its simplicity and power. The Black & White Photography Guidebook was created with the simple aim of introducing you to the world of black and white photography, and as a result, we hope you will enjoy new levels of artistic scope.

Gathered within these pages are numerous guides and tutorials to help you on your journey of photographic creativity including:
The origins of photography, History of black and white, Black and white core concepts, Seeing in black and white, Photography tips, Mono conversion techniques, Mono landscape photography, Portrait Photography, Type of light modifiers, Lighting techniques and expert lighting diagrams, High-key portraiture, Low-key portraiture, Abstract black and white photography, Essential gear guide, Filter types and systems, Printing your photographs, Developing and printing black and white film, Dodge and burn technique, Sepia toning, Selective colour…
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Black & White Photography Guidebook 2017
via mobilism