The Complete Black And White Photography Manual – 5th Edition 2020

You cannot talk about black and white photography without talking a little about the history of photography itself. The two are inextricably linked because all we had to begin with, at the dawn of the medium, was black and white.

It goes without saying that the equipment and techniques we have today are a far cry from those early days when the pioneers of photography were experimenting with how to collect light, light-sensitive materials and equipment to capture and focus the image.

The story of black and white photography, although cited as beginning sometime in the 1800s, actually goes back much further in history to the days of Aristotle around 384-322 BC. Aristotle understood the principle of the camera obscura(dark chamber), although at the time there was no known method to ‘fix’ an image cast by the camera, and so create a permanent record.

From the earliest principles that brought the world the camera obscura, and the observable phenomena that certain substances were visibly altered by exposure to light, the course of photographic endeavour has been well documented and we owe those early pioneers a debt of thanks for bringing us our beloved world of photography.

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The Complete Black And White Photography Manual – 5th Edition 2020
via magazine lib

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The Monasteries of Meteora

Serene, spiritual, magical, mystical, extraordinary, breathtaking, immense, inspiring, impressive. These are only some of the words people very often use in an effort to describe Meteora monasteries. Any trip to Meteora offers the visitors unique experiences of nature’s grandeur in conjunction with history, architecture and man’s everlasting desire to connect with the Divine. From the early Christian times, the steep cliffs of Meteora were regarded as a perfect place to achieve absolute isolation. To find peace and harmony and, thus, to support mankind’s’ eternal struggle for spiritual ascension.

Meteora with the 6 active monasteries is truly an inspiring and sensational setting of overwhelming rock formations with these ancient monasteries occupying their picks. Be prepared that making a trip here is much more than a visit to an awesome landscape. It is more like a pilgrimage to a holy place for all Christians around the world. In essence, Meteora today has become a preservation ark for the 2000-year-old Christian Orthodox creed. Today, out of initially 24 monasteries that used to exist only 6 remain active for people to visit. Discover the things to do and what to see while at Meteora!
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The Monasteries of Meteora
more at visit meteora

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Light and Lens: Photography in the Digital Age

Fully updated, it clearly and concisely covers the fundamental concepts of imagemaking, how to use digital technology to create compelling images, and how to output and preserve images in the digital world. Exploring history, methods, and theory, this text offers classroom-tested assignments and exercises from leading photographic educators, approaches for analyzing, discussing, and writing about photographs, and tools to critically explore and make images with increased visual literacy.
Author: Robert Hirsch

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Light and Lens: Photography in the Digital Age
Robert Hirsch with Greg Erf
ISBN: 1138213020, 1138944394

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Fifty Years of Fujifilm Mirrorless Medium Format Cameras

Yep, 51 actually. Back in the 1960s, unlike all its rivals in the medium format camera market at the time, Fujifilm decided to concentrate on rangefinder designs rather than reflexes. And, of course, rangefinder cameras are mirrorless, right?

As has been the philosophy behind the GFX 50S and now the 50R, Fujifilm’s key objective back then was to combine “carrying ease” with “handling speed” hence the decision to package the 6x9cm format in a 35mm-style rangefinder body.

The Fujica G690 was launched in March 1968 at the Tokyo Camera Show and went on sale in the December of that year. It was compact for a 6x9cm format camera and had interchangeable lenses. An internal mask covered the film gate when lenses were being changed. It had a coupled rangefinder and the viewfinder also incorporated frame lines which not only adjusted for parallax as the lens was focused, but also the field-of-view. Even Leica didn’t offer this facility on its contemporary 35mm RF cameras. An updated version, the GL690 Professional, was launched in 1974 along with a 6x7cm camera called the GM670 Professional.

However, in 1978, Fujifilm decided to adopt a fixed-lens configuration which, along with a switch to GRP bodyshells, resulted in significant weight savings. The original GW690 and GW670 both had a 90mm f3.5 lens which was equivalent – in 35mm format terms – in focal length to a 35mm on the 6x9cm format and a 42mm on the 6x7cm. These models subsequently evolved through Series II (1985) and III (1992) versions and an ultrawide GSW version of the 6x9cm model was introduced in 1980. It had a 65mm f5.6 lens which was equivalent to a 25mm.

A line of 6×4.5cm format RF cameras was introduced in 1983 to enable even more compact and lightweight designs. While the early models were fully manual (but with built-in metering), in 1995, Fujifilm launched the next-generation GA645 Professional which caused almost as big a stir as the original X100 digital camera did in 2010. It pretty much went ‘all the way’ with automation – autofocus, program exposure control, motorised film transport and a built-in, pop-up flash – with styling similar to the 35mm compacts of the time. It was a medium format point-and shoot camera. The GA645 had a 60mm f4.0 lens, but a wider-angle version, called the GA645W (and also launched in 1995), was fitted with a 45mm f4.0 lens. Both were subsequently upgraded in 1997, and rebadged as the GA645i and GA645Wi respectively, with the main change being the addition of a second shutter release button on the front panel. In 1998, Fujifilm introduced the last-of-theline GA645Zi model which had a 55-90mm f4.5-6.9 zoom lens (equivalent to 35-55mm) and a modernised body with a more pronounced handgrip.

Given this track record, don’t rule out a digital medium format X100-style camera (i.e. with a fixed lens) from Fujifilm sometime in the future.
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report by Paul Burrows
in Australian Camera

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Retromania: The Funkiest Cameras of Photography’s Golden Age

The Lomography phenomenon shows that interest in and love for cheap, fun cameras has never been stronger. But the few plastic-lens models that are still manufactured are only the tip of the iceberg, with hundreds of amazing, exciting, weird and wonderful models widely available and at low prices. This book is the first to look at every significant ‘people’s camera’ launched since Kodak’s Box Brownie brought cameras to the masses in 1908 and launched the photo revolution providing a fascinating insight into the tastes of previous generations.

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Retromania: The Funkiest Cameras of Photography’s Golden Age
ISBN-10: 1781570019, ISBN-13: 978-1781570012

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