In Focus: Camera Basics

Confused over what terms such as “shutter speed”, “aperture”, “ISO speed”,”exposure compensation”,”white balance” mean? Have no fear – our Camera Basics series take you through each of these important fundamental concepts of photography, so that you won’t only get to know your camera better, but also have a better idea of how you can tweak camera modes and settings to get amazing shots!

Camera Basics #1: Aperture
The first thing to consider when taking photographs with a digital camera is the effect that the aperture can have on your pictures. How will the photograph finish change depending on the aperture is widened or narrowed? In this article, we study the effects of varying apertures on depth-of-field by comparing several examples, and learn about the concept of f-stops.
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Camera Basics #2: Shutter Speed
When taking photographs, you want to have a good grasp of shutter speed and its effects on your photographs. What kind of effects can you create with a faster or slower shutter speed? Let us examine the effects of different shutter speeds with the help of the following examples.
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Camera Basics #3: Exposure
Exposure is one of the major factors that can make or break a picture. Let us talk about how we can go about make best use of exposure to get the best results from a shot.
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Camera Basics #4: Exposure Compensation
Exposure compensation is a function you can use to change the exposure set by the camera (camera-determined correct exposure) into something of your own preference. Here, we find out more about the function, and learn how to identify subjects that require positive or negative exposure compensation along the way.
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Camera Basics #5: ISO Speed
ISO speed plays an equally important role as aperture and shutter speed in its effect on exposure. Now let us learn more about the advantages and disadvantages of turning up the ISO speed.
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Camera Basics #6: White Balance
White balance is a feature that ensures that the colour white is reproduced accurately regardless of the type of lighting under which a photo is taken. At a very basic level, it is common to use the Auto White Balance setting. However, this setting is no one-size-fits-all solution. For a white balance setting that best suits the lighting source, choose one of the preset white balance settings on your camera.
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Camera Basics #7: Metering
The metering function measures the brightness of a subject and decides how much exposure is best for the photo. Let’s take a look at each metering mode available, and get a better idea of which of them to use is best to use under which conditions/scene.
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Camera Basics #8: Establishing Focus
The one thing that enables the photographer to convey his photographic intent to the viewer is establishing the focus. What are the secrets to establishing the best focus? Let’s find out more about the special features of autofocus (AF) and manual focus (MF).
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Camera Basics #9: AF Modes
When establishing focus on a subject, it is vitally important to anticipate the subject’s movement and capture it at the right moment. This means it is essential to know the appropriate autofocus (AF) mode to use for a stationary subject, and which to use when the subject is moving. Let us take a closer look at the 3 types of AF modes.
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Camera Basics #10: Picture Style
With the Picture Style function, you can adjust the colour tone and the contrast to enhance the charm and appeal of the subject. By selecting the perfect Picture Style setting, you can get perfect results in expressing your shooting intent in a vivid photo.
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Camera Basics #11: Phase Detection AF
Phase detection AF (also known as phase-difference detection AF or phase-difference AF) is the autofocus system used in viewfinder shooting on DSLR cameras. Its main feature lies in its rapid autofocusing speed. In the following, we will explain more about phase detection AF, and how Canon’s Dual Pixel CMOS AF utilizes the latest AF technology to enable phase detection AF even in Live View.
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Camera Basics #12: The Viewfinder
When it comes to shooting, a vital part of the camera is the viewfinder. Nowadays, there are cameras that do not come with viewfinders, only with Live View shooting. However, as you get more experienced with photography, you will realise how much shooting with a viewfinder can affect your photos. In this article, we take a closer look at the viewfinder.
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Camera Basics #13: Live View
The implementation of Dual Pixel CMOS AF in Canon’s latest camera models have vastly improved shooting conditions in Live View. Live View, which features fast AF speed that measures up to viewfinder AF, is gradually becoming the choice method of shooting for many photographers. In the following, we will explain more about the characteristics of Live View.
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Camera Basics #14: Position and Angle
The position and angle are two elements that greatly influence the outcome of your photos. Since they have such a significant impact, varying them ensures that you will be able to get a different effect in your photos. In the following, we go over 3 points each in relation to the position and the angle.
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Camera Basics # 15: Program AE
The Program AE mode, a semi-automatic mode where the camera automatically sets the aperture and shutter speed, enables you to shoot quickly to capture sudden photographic opportunities, and yet still retain creative control over other settings such as white balance.
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Camera Basics #16: Aperture-priority AE (AV mode)
Want to create photographs with a lovely background blur (bokeh effect), or perhaps ensure that everything in the image remains in focus? The Aperture-priority AE mode is a convenient mode to use for achieving those effects. Let’s look at this mode in closer detail.
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Camera Basics # 17: Shutter-priority AE (TV mode)
Shutter-priority AE mode is a shooting mode that is useful for when you want to ‘freeze’ subjects in action, or conversely, photograph moving subjects with motion blur. Read on to find out how you can use it!
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Camera Basics # 18: Manual Exposure (M mode)
If you want control over both the aperture and the shutter speed, Manual exposure mode is the way to go. It might be quite a tough mode to conquer for a beginner, but also can be very convenient to achieve certain shooting intentions. In this final article in our Camera Basics series, we take a closer look at this mode and what it can be used for.
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In Focus: Camera Basics
more details at SnapShot


Creative Photography 2017

Overview: If you are new to digital photography or if you already have a camera, and want to get more out of this amazing art, our indispensable guide, written by professional photographers, is here to pass on the knowledge you need to get more creative. You will learn how to improve all aspects of your photography skills, giving you the confidence to shoot like a pro and produce images to be proud of.

Do Much More With Your Camera
Take your photography to the next level with our fully illustrated user guides. Understand exposure, focal length, depth of field and equipment options. Take control of your camera’s shooting modes and explore important photographic concepts such as shutter speed, aperture and ISO, as well as guides to composition. Photography does not need to be difficult, it needs to be something you can enjoy to the full.
Learn and Get More Creative
Learn the techniques the professionals use to shoot a wide variety of photographic subjects. Our tutorials cover such diverse subjects as high speed photography, bokehrama portraits and panoramas, as well as some very useful hints and tips that can keep you shooting even when you think you can’t. Photography should be fun and we hope to inspire you and get you passionate about such a creative medium.
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Creative Photography 2017
via mobilism

Landscape Photography Guidebook 2017

Overview: As a genre, landscape photography is probably one of the most popular. From coastal scenes to cityscapes and the rural expanses beyond, there are an unending array of subjects both great and small waiting to be captured. The aim of this bookazine is to offer guidance so you capture better images, make the most of your equipment, and in the process, help you enjoy this amazing subject even more.

Within these pages are a great selection of guides, tips and tutorials to expand your knowledge of landscape photography including:
Types of landscape photography, Top 30 landscape tips, Cameras for landscapes, Filters and filter systems, Understanding your camera, ISO, aperture and shutter speed, Understand hyperfocal distance, Rural and natural landscapes, Coastal and seaside landscapes, Whatever the weather, Super wide panoramas, Crystal ball landscapes, Sunrise and sunset, Raw processing, High dynamic range images, Adjusting exposure, Sky replacement, Contrast and saturation, Focus stacking, Digital exposure blending…
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Landscape Photography Guidebook 2017
via mobilism

The Seventh Annual EXPOSURE Photography Award | A Global Celebration of the Image

Presenting the winners of The Exposure Award 2017.
Grand-prize winner Christian Werner/Zeitenspiegel

“Road to Ruin”
With the fall of Aleppo, the regime of Bashar Assad once again controls the country’s second-largest city. But is reconciliation possible in the country? This series depicts a journey through the dictator’s state.
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The Seventh Annual EXPOSURE Photography Award | A Global Celebration of the Image
more at Shutter Love Online

Canon Crash Course

Learn the fundamentals of Canon DSLR photography in half a day with our guide.
Words: James Paterson Illustrations: Andy McLaughlin

canoncc01One of the most enticing things about photography is that it’s such an easy hobby to start. Yet it offers untold depth to those who choose to look for it. Anybody can take a picture, and almost everybody you know has a camera. But just a little extra knowledge is all it takes to separate the real Canon DSLR enthusiast from the occasional snapper.

The Canon Crash Course we’ve lined up for you over the following pages puts the focus on the fundamental aspects of photography that matter most. Dive in!

canoncc01a canoncc01b canoncc01c canoncc01dComposition
Arranging a scene’s elements into a harmonious composition is easy when you know how…

canoncc01e canoncc01fCanon Crash Course
more in: Photo Plus – The Canon Magazine

PhotoPlus: The Canon Magazine is 100% Canon, so you can be sure the magazine is 100% relevant to your Canon EOS DSLR and your photographic needs. We’re 100% independent which means we’re free to publish what we feel is best for every Canon DSLR photographer from beginners to enthusiasts to professionals.


Create Your Own Style in Street Photography

Street photography has grown and rebelled against dogmas. It’s time for your own style.
Photos & Text: Gathot Subroto

gathotsubroto12a gathotsubroto12b gathotsubroto12c gathotsubroto12d gathotsubroto12eIt is frequently asked why those people, including me, choose street photography; why don’t they choose such other photography genres as landscape, fashion, culture, food and others? Certainly the answers could be diverse, different from one to another.

One of the most general reasons is its practicality. Street photography is easy to do. We just go out and interact with public spaces around us. All the places offer different stories and interactions making the street photography not expensive. Wo don’t need to go far away by plane to find its subjects, and also don’t need to buy expensive photography equipments.

I myself knew street photography because of my curiosity and I wanted to try something new. It was the beginning before I then explored and felt that there was something interesting in the genre.

gathotsubroto12fGathot Subroto
Active in photography since 1990 when he was involved in publishing his campus magazine, he has learned photography autodidactically. He works now as a civil servant at the Indonesia Ministry of Finance. He is one of Indonesian X-photographers – official photographers of Fujifilm Corp.

more in:
Exposure 101st Edition

Metering matters

Peter Gray explains how metering modes control how your DSLR dictates exposure.
Metering is how your camera measures the brightness of a scene before you take a shot, and can have a significant effect on the exposure of your images.

MeteringMatters08a MeteringMatters08bMetering matters
more in PhotoPlus – The Canon Magazine